We all know that a building cannot stand on its own without the help of steel and beams. It is an essential instrument for every contractor and builder. The world steel association reported that around 174.4 million tonnes of steel were produced worldwide by 64 countries last year. The construction industry used more than 50% of steel production. Hence, steel is the commonly used material for any construction. Steel dealers supply a wide variety of steel depending upon the structure and requirement of the building. Each steel is different in chemical composition, physical and mechanical properties, and grades. However, there are some common types of steel irrespective of the demand because of its enormous benefits. In this post, let us see more about the commonly used steel in the construction industry.
Mild steel or low-carbon steel:
Mild steel, also commonly known as carbon steel, is frequently used in the construction industry. It is an iron-carbon alloy and the carbon content in the mild steel is 0.05%-0.25%. The low-carbon steel cannot be hardened by heat treatment. Therefore, to make low-carbon steel harder, they undergo a cold metalworking process. It has excellent flexibility and is extremely soft compared to other steel products. They are used in constructing train wheels, railway tracks, ms chequered plate, machinery parts, and crankshafts.
Rebars are steel reinforcement bars used to improve the tensile strength of the concrete. The concrete buildings have weak tensile strength. It is used as the tension device for reinforced concrete buildings and structures. When mild steel is added with ridges, rebar steel is formed. The purpose of adding ridges in the mild steel is to enhance the mechanical anchoring in the concrete. The rebar steel provides greater compression, tensile strength, chemical composition, and elongation percentage. There are various types of rebars like epoxy-coated steel bars, low-alloy steel, axel steel, and many more.
Structural steel is the commonly used steel in the construction industry. It is an iron alloy combined with the key ingredients carbon and manganese. Similar to the SAIL TMT bar, the structural steel has high ductility and durability. Structural steel is used for making different shapes for buildings like HSS shape, I-beams, railway rail, and many more. The standard structural steel varies across the country. The structural steel in Europe uses the grade Euronorm 19-57, while in the USA, the structural steel has tempered alloy and low quenched carbon to increase the strength. Hence, the composition of the structural steel completely depends on the country’s resources and requirements. They are commonly used to build skyscrapers.
Therefore, if you want to get all the benefits of the steel for your next building, you need to work with experienced dealers like JSW steel dealers in Chennai.